Compressed Breathing Air Analysis Kit
Contaminant Detector Tubes
10 Per Box
Poisoning occurs after breathing in too much Carbon Monoxide. Symptoms of mild acute poisoning include lightheadedness, confusion, headache, feeling like the world is spinning, and flu-like effects. Larger exposures can lead to toxicity of the central nervous system and heart, and death. After acute poisoning, long-term problems may occur. Chronic exposure to low levels of carbon monoxide can lead to depression, confusion, and memory loss.
Low concentrations are not harmful. Higher concentrations can affect respiratory function and cause excitation followed by depression of the central nervous system. A high concentration can displace Oxygen in the air. If less Oxygen is available to breathe, symptoms such as rapid breathing, rapid heart rate, clumsiness, emotional upsets and fatigue can result. As less Oxygen becomes available, nausea and vomiting, collapse, convulsions, coma and death can occur. Symptoms occur more quickly with physical effort. Lack of Oxygen can cause permanent damage to organs including the brain and heart.
It may seem counterintuitive that Oxygen content in compressed breathing air even need be sampled because air intakes located outdoors should contain 20.9% oxygen since that is its concentration in ambient, atmospheric air. OSHA and NIOSH define an Oxygen-deficient atmosphere as any atmosphere containing Oxygen at a concentration below 19.5% at sea level, which includes a safety factor. At concentrations below 16%, decreased mental effectiveness, visual acuity, and muscular coordination occur. Below 10%, loss of consciousness may occur; below 6%, death results. Individuals exposed to low concentrations of Oxygen are often unaware of the growing danger, because only mild perceptional changes are initially experienced. Oxygen toxicity may result from exposure to elevated concentrations of oxygen (> 50%) at normal pressures; delayed symptoms begin with inflammation of the upper airways and can progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome. Hyperbaric Oxygen exposure can lead to central nervous system toxicity in divers; symptoms can include visual disturbance, ear problems, dizziness, confusion, nausea, and seizures. Safety procedures have been developed for divers using high percentages of Oxygen or hyperbaric Oxygen.
While water vapor and liquid water are not directly harmful to users of breathing air, excessive amounts can cause hazards. Moisture can corrode breathing air systems and reduce the efficacy of gas purifiers. A greater hazard is ice blockage of regulators in cold temperature conditions, whether on land or during cold water diving. As gas expands from the breathing air tank, it cools. If the dew point is reached, moisture will condense and then freeze when the surrounding temperature is low, thus blocking the air supply.
Exposure to oil mist for a prolonged period of time can cause a number of health issues leading to nose and throat irritation, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, chronic cough and other respiratory issues.